Key

Scales/Intervals/Simple Songs

Scales

Major

Practice in all keys using SPT Key Change feature, from the bottom of your voice to the top, including falsetto.

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Key of C – called C major scale or just C scale
C D E F G A B C
C B A G F E D C

Minor

Key of C / A minor (called A minor scale, same notes as C major, but starts from the A note)
A B C D E F G A
A G F E D C B A

Pentatonic

Same as major, but skips the 4 and 7.

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C D E G A C
C A G E D C

Pentatonic Minor

Key of C / A minor (called A minor pentatonic scale, same notes as C major, but starts from the A note)
A C D E G A
A G E D C A

Chromatic

Every single note. 12 notes in total.
C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C
C B A# A G# G F# F E D# D C# C

Ionian (Major) (I)

Same as major scale, just a different name.
C D E F G A B

Dorian (II)

Same notes as C major, but starting from D.
D E F G A B C D

Phrygian (III)

Same notes as C major, but starting from E.
E F G A B C D E


Lydian (IV)

Same notes as C major, but starting from F.
F G A B C D E F

Mixolydian (V)

Same notes as C major, but starting from G.
G A B C D E F G

Aelion (Minor) (VI)

Same notes as C major, but starting from A.
A B C D E F G A


Locrian (VII)

Same notes as C major, but starting from B.
B C D E F G A B

All Diatonic Modes

This just means the above 7 modes done from bottom to top in one long go.
If you put in the first line in SPT, you can just press the Harmony +1 and it will take you to the next mode of Dorian, +2 for Phrygian etc.

C D E F G A B Ionian (mode 1)
D E F G A B C D Dorian (mode 2)
E F G A B C D E Phrygian (mode 3)
F G A B C D E F Lydian (mode 4)
G A B C D E F G Mixolydian (mode 5)
A B C D E F G A Aeolian (mode 6)
B C D E F G A B C Locrian (mode 7)

Then repeat it, backwards.
Put the first line in backwards in SPT, then just use the Harmony -1 button for each corresponding mode.
C B A G F E D

Figuring out the key of a song by ear (sense of key training)

Open the Key in Singing Pitch Trainer and play and sing it by itself, and then over the song while it plays. Then try to do it alone and over the song.

Chromatic Substitutions

Chromatic Substitutions

Guitar Chord Visual
Piano scale visual
Chromaticisim Chords from songs, individual changes within each song

#1 / b2

#1 / b2
Chords: A/C# – A7 – A9 – A – A7#5 – F+
C# D E F G A B

#2 / b3

#2 / b3
Chords: G7b9 – G7#5b9
C D# E F G A B

#4 / b5

#4 / b5
Chords: D – D7 – D9 – F#m7b5 – G/F#
C D E F# G A B

#5 / b6

#5 / b6
Chords: E – E7 – E7/G# – E7#5 – AmM7/G# – Dm7b5 – Fm – Fm6 – Fm/G# – G7/Ab
C D E F G# A B

#6 / b7

#6 / b7
Chords: C/Bb – C7 – Em7b5 – Gm – Gm7 – Bb – BbM7 – Bb/C
C D E F G A Bb

#2 + #4 / b3 + b5

#2 + #4 / b3 + b5
Chords: D#dim7, B7
C D# E F Gb A B

#2 + #5 / b3 + b6

#2 + #5 / b3 + b6
Chords: Fm7, AbMaj7
C D Eb F G Ab B

#5 + #6 / b6 + b7

#5 + #6 / b6 + b7
Chords: C7#5 – Bb9
C D E F G# A Bb

#2 + #6 / b3 + b7

#2 + #6 / b3 + b7
Chords: Cm6
C D Eb F G A Bb

Key Changes